Publications — clustered

[Click PDF to download]


  • Lim, M. 2020. The politics and perils of dis/connection in the Global South (Crosscurrent: The Limits and Boundaries of Digital Disconnection). Media, Culture & Society. [PDF]
  • Lim, M.  2018. Roots, Routes, Routers: Communications and Media of Contemporary Social Movements (Journalism & Communication Monographs Series), Sage Publications. [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2018. Sticks and Stones, Clicks and Phones: Contextualizing the Role of Digital Media in the Politics of Transformation, in C. Richter & C. Harders, & A. Antonakis-Nashif (eds.) Digital Media and the Politics of Transformation in the Arab World and Asia, Berlin: Springer VS, 9-34. [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2015. A Cyber–Urban Space Odyssey: The Spatiality of Contemporary Social Movements. New Geographies, 07: 117–123. [PDF]
  • Agarwal, N., Lim, M., Wigand, R. (eds.) 2014. Online Collective Action: Dynamics of the Crowd in Social Media, New York/Heidelberg: Springer. [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2014. Seeing Spatially: People, Networks and Movements in Digital and Urban Spaces, International Development Planning Review, 36(1): 51–72.  [PDFA shorter version is translated into Indonesian and republished as: Lim, M. (2015) Media Baru, Meninjau Ruang Masyarakat, Jejaring dan Gerakan dalam Ruang Urban Digital, Etnohistori,–baru–meninjau–ruang–masyarakat–jejaring–dan–gerakan–dalam–ruang–urban–digital–merlyna–lim.html.
  • Lim, M.  2009. Global Muslim Blogosphere: Mosaics of Global–Local Discourses, in M. McLelland and G. Goggin (eds.) Internationalizing Internet Studies: Beyond Anglophone Paradigms, London: Routledge, 178–195. [PDF]– comparative Iran vs Indonesia



  • Lim, M. 2012. Clicks, Cabs, Coffee Houses: Social Media and the Oppositional Movements in Egypt (2004–2011), Journal of Communication, 62(2): 231–248.–2466.2012.01628.x [PDF]


  • Lim, M. 2013. Framing Bouazizi: White Lies, Hybrid Network, and Collective/Connective Action in the 2010–2011 Tunisian Uprising, Journalism, 14(7): 921-941. [PDF]


  • Mitchell, SSD & Lim, M.  2018. Too Crowded for Crowdsourced Journalism: Reddit and Citizen Participation in the Syrian Crisis. Canadian Journal of Communication, 43(3): 399-419. [PDF]

Saudi Arabia

  • Alrasheed, G. & Lim, M.  2018. Unveiling Saudi Feminism(s): Historicization, Heterogeneity, and Corporeality in the Women’s Movements. Canadian Journal of Communication, 43(3): 461-79. [PDF]
  • Yuce, S. , Agarwal, N., Lim, M. , Robinson, R.S. , Wigand, R.  2014. Bridging Women Rights Networks: Analyzing Interconnected Online Collective Actions. Journal of Global Information Management, 22(4): 1–20. [PDF]
  • Yuce, S., Agarwal, N. , Lim, M. , Robinson, R.S., Wigand, R. 2014. Studying the Evolution of Online Collective Action: Saudi Arabian Women’s ‘Oct26Driving’ Campaign on Twitter. Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Social Computing, Behavioral–Cultural Modeling, and Prediction (Washington DC, April 2–4), Springer. [PDF]
  • Yuce, S., Agarwal, N., Lim, M., Robinson, R.S., Wigand, R. 2013. Blogging, Bridging, and Brokering: Analyzing Interconnected Networks in Online Collective Actions. Proceedings of Pacific Asia Conference on Information Systems (Jeju Island, Korea, June 18–22). [PDF]


(using Saudi and Arab women’s movements as an empirical context)

  • Agarwal, N. , Lim, M. , Wigand, R.  2012. Raising and Rising Voices: A Novel Methodological Approach in Studying Cyber–Collective Movements, Business & Information Systems Engineering, 3: 113–126. [PDF–012–0210–z Translated into German as: Meinungsäußerung und–bildung in sozialen Medien: Ein neuer methodischer Ansatz zur Untersuchung cybersozialer Bewegungen, Wirtschaftsinformatik, 3: 107–122. [PDF]
  • Agarwal, N., Lim, M., Wigand, R.  2012. Online Collective Action and The Role of Social Media in Mobilizing Opinions, in C.G. Reddick & S.K. Aikins (eds.), Web 2.0 Technologies and Democratic Governance: Political, Policy and Management Implications, New York NY: Springer, 99–123. [PDF]
  • Agarwal, N., Lim, M., Wigand, R.  2011. Finding her master’s voice: the power of collective action among female muslim bloggers. Proceedings of the 19th European Conference on Information Systems, pp. 898–909 (Helsinki, Finland, June 9–11). [PDF]
  • Agarwal, N., Lim, M., Wigand, R. 2011. Collective action theory meets the blogosphere: A new methodology. Communications in Computer and Information Science, Vol. 136 (3), 224–239. Proceedings of the third International Conference on Networked Digital Technology (Macau, China, July 11–13).[PDF]



  • Lim, M. 2017. Sweeping the Unclean: Social Media and the Bersih Electoral Reform in Malaysia. Global Media Journal, 14(27). [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2017. Digital Media and Malaysia’s Electoral Reform Movement, in W. Berenschot, Schulte Nordholt & L. Bakker (eds.), Citizenship and Democratization in Southeast Asia, Leiden: Brill Academic Publisher, 213–239. [PDF]


  • Lim, M. 2018. Dis/Connecting: The co–evolution of socio–cultural and material infrastructures of the internet in Indonesia. Indonesia, 105(April): 155-172. [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2017. Freedom to Hate: Social Media, Algorithmic Enclaves, and the Rise of Tribal Nationalism in Indonesia. Critical Asian Studies. 49(3): 411-427. [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2013. Many Clicks but Little Sticks: Social Media Activism in Indonesia, Journal of Contemporary Asia, 43(4): 636–657. [PDFTranslated into Indonesian and republished as: Lim, M. (2015) Klik yang Tak Memantik: Aktivisme Media Sosial di Indonesia, Jurnal Komunikasi Indonesia, 3(1). [PDFReprinted in: Shah, N. et al. (2015) Digital Activism in Asia Reader, Leuphana University of Luneburg, Germany: Meson Press, 127–154.
  • Lim, M. 2013. The Internet and Everyday Life in Indonesia: New Moral Panics? Bijdragen tot de Taal–, Land– en Volkenkunde (BKI) / Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences of Southeast Asia and Oceania, 169(1): 133–147.–12340008. [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2012. Life is Local in the Imagined Global Community: Islam and Politics in the Indonesian Blogosphere, Journal of Media and Religion, 11(3): 127–140. [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2012. Between consumptions and citizenship: Social media and political participation in Indonesia, Strategic Review: The Indonesian Journal of Leadership, Policy, and World Affair, 2(02, April–June): 52–60.
  • Lim, M. 2012. Democratised/Corporatised: Contesting Media in the Post–Authoritarian Indonesia, in A. Puddephatt et al., A New Frontier, An Old Landscape, London: Global Partners & Associates, 156–181.
  • Lim, M. 2012. The League of Thirteen: Media Concentration in Indonesia, Participatory Lab & Ford Foundation, research report, open access.  [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2011. @crossroads: Democratization and Corporatization of Media in Indonesia, Participatory Lab & Ford Foundation, research report, open access. [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2011[2008]. Transient Civic Spaces in Jakarta Indonesia, in M. Douglass, K.C. Ho, G.L. Ooi (eds.) Globalization, the City and Civil Society in Pacific Asia –– The Social Production of Civic Spaces, London: Routledge, 366–396 (2nd edition, 1st edition published in 2008). [PDF]
  • Lim, M.  2011. Islamism in Indonesia and Its Middle Eastern Connections, The Middle East Review of International Affairs, 15(02, June.
  • Kumar, S. , Agarwal, N., Lim, M. , Liu, H. 2010. Mapping Socio–Cultural Dynamics in the Indonesian Blogosphere. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Computational Cultural Dynamics, pp. 37–44 (Washington DC, December 7–8). [PDF]
  • Lim, M.  2008. Bundling Meta–Narratives on the Internet: Conflict in Maluku in S. Tekwani (ed.), Media and Conflict Reporting in Asia, Singapore: Asian Media Information and Communication Centre (AMIC), 170–198. [PDF]
  • Lim, M.  2008. Lost in Transition:  The Internet and Reformasi in Indonesia, in J. Dean, J. Anderson, and G. Lovink. (eds.), Reformatting Politics: Information Technology and Global Civil Society, New York NY: Routledge, 85–106. [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2006. Cyber–Urban Activism and Political Change in Indonesia, Eastbound, 1(1): 1–19. [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2005. Radicalism and Anti Americanism in Indonesia: The Role of the Internet, Washington DC/Honolulu HI: East West Center (Policy Studies Series). [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2004. The Polarization of Identity through the Internet and the Struggle for Democracy in Indonesia, Electronic Journal of Communication/La Revue Electronique de Communication, 14(3–4), 18p.
  •  Lim, M.  2004. Informational Terrains of Identity and Political Power: The Internet in Indonesia, Indonesian Journal of Social and Cultural Anthropology, 27(73): 1-11. [PDFTranslated to Indonesian and republished as: Lim, M. (2014), Internet dan Kekuasaan Politik di Indonesia, in AE Priyono & Usman Hamid (eds.) Merancang Arah Baru Demokrasi: Indonesia Pasca Reformasi, Jakarta: Kompas Gramedia, 703–720.
  • Lim, M.  2004. Indonesia: The ICT Infrastructure is the Central Issue in E–content Development, in O. Manzar, and P.E. Bruck. (eds.), e–Content: Voices from the Ground, New Delhi & Salzburg: DefIndia and WSA, 245–254. [PDF pending]
  • Lim, M.  2003. The Internet, Social Network and Reform in Indonesia, in N. Couldry and J. Curran (eds.), Contesting Media Power: Alternative Media in A Networked World, Lanham MA: Rowan & Littlefield, 273–288. [PDF]
  • Lim, M.  2003. From Real to Virtual (and back again): Civil Society, Public Sphere, and Internet in Indonesia in K.C. Ho, R. Kluver, & C.C. Yang. (eds.), Asia.Com: Asia Encounters The Internet, London: Routledge, 113–128. [PDF]
  • Lim, M.  2002. From Walking City to Telematic Metropolis: Changing Urban Form in Bandung Indonesia, in T. Bunnell, L.B.W. Drummond & K.C. Ho (eds.), Critical Reflections on Cities in Southeast Asia, Singapore: Brill Academic Publisher & Times Academic Press, 75–100. [PDF]
  •  Lim, M. 2003. From War–net to Net–War: The Internet and Resistance Identities in Indonesia, International Information & Library Review, 35(2–4): 233–248.–2317(03)00019–5 [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2002. CyberCivic Space in Indonesia: From Panopticon to Pandemonium? International Development Planning Review, 24(4): 383–400. [PDF]
  • Lim, M. (ed.) 2000. Information Technology and Transparency: Technology, Rights, and Accountability in the New Indonesia, Bandung: SCoT & ITB. [PDF pending]

CONCEPTUAL, geographically non-specific

  • Lim, M. 2022. Alternative Imaginations: Confronting and Challenging the Persistent Centrism in Social Media-Society Research. Journal of Asian Social Science Research, 4(1), 1-22.
  • Lim, M. 2022. #Coronaconspiracy: Algorithms, Users, and Conspiracy Theories in Social Media. M/C Journal, 25(1).
  • Lim, M. 2020. Algorithmic enclaves: Affective politics and algorithms in the neoliberal social media landscape. In M. Boler & E. Davis (eds.), Affective Politics of Digital Media: Propaganda by Other Means (pp. 186-203). New York & London: Routledge. [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2021. Rhythm & Algorithm of Us (English); Ritme & Algoritme Kebudayaan (Bahasa Indonesia), Pidato Kebudayaan (The Speech on Culture) DKJ, Dewan Kesenian Jakarta (Jakarta Arts Council), Ottawa-Jakarta, 10 November. PDF: (text in English and Indonesian). Video: (Indonesian with English subtitle).
  • Lim, M. 2019. Cyber–urban space, in A. Orum (ed.), The Wiley–Blackwell Encyclopedia of Urban and Regional Planning, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley–Blackwell. [PDF].
  • Lim, M. 2012. Reality Bytes: The Digitally–Mediated Urban Revolutions. The Architectural Review, 24(April): 20–2.
  • Lim, M. and Kann, M. 2008. Networked Politics: Deliberation, Mobilization and Networked Practices of Agitation in K. Varnelis (ed.) Networked Publics, Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 77–107. [PDF]
  • Lim, M. 2003. Transnational Civil Society and the Internet in an Unregulated Capitalist World System: A Utopian Dream?, Social Science Research Council Working Paper. Translated into Persian by the Iranian Center for Media, Communication & Information. [PDF pending]