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[Publication] Clicks, Cabs, and Coffee Houses: Social Media and Oppositional Movements in Egypt, 2004–2011

4 April 2012 1,942 views 14 Comments
My article on social media and 2011 Egypt revolt has been published. It is published as:
Due to copyright issue, however, I cannot share the published version for download from my own server, you thus should download from its original source.
For those who’re interested to read but don’t have access to the journal, I can email you the file. Just post me  your email address (send to my email or leave your address in the comment box below).
Thank you.

Abstract:

To deepen our understanding of the relationship between social media and political change during the Egyptian uprising of early 2011, events in Tahrir Square must be situated in a larger context of media use and recent history of online activism. For several years, the most successful social movements in Egypt, including Kefaya, the April 6th Youth, and We are all Khaled Said, were those using social media to expand networks of disaffected Egyptians, broker relations between activists, and globalize the resources and reach of opposition leaders. Social media afforded these opposition leaders the means to shape repertoires of contention, frame the issues, propagate unifying symbols, and transform online activism into offline protests.

Clics, taxis et cafés : les médias sociaux et les mouvements d’opposition en Égypte de 2004 à 2011

Merlyna Lim

Pour approfondir notre compréhension de l’association entre les médias sociaux et le changement politique lors du soulèvement égyptien du début de 2011, les événements de la place Tahrir doivent être replacés dans un plus large contexte d’utilisation des médias et dans l’histoire récente de l’activisme en ligne. Pendant plusieurs années, les mouvements sociaux les plus efficaces en Égypte, incluant Kifaya, le Mouvement de la Jeunesse du 6-Avril et « Nous sommes tous Khaled Saïd », ont été ceux qui ont utilisé les médias sociaux pour élargir les réseaux d’Égyptiens mécontents, négocier les relations entre les activistes et globaliser les ressources et la portée des leaders de l’opposition. Les médias sociaux offraient à ces leaders de l’opposition les moyens de créer des répertoires de controverse, de cadrer les enjeux, de propager des symboles unificateurs et de transformer l’activisme en ligne en manifestations hors ligne

Mots clés : Égypte, activisme, mouvement social, médias sociaux, Facebook, Twitter, blogues, printemps arabe

Klicks, Taxis und Kaffeehäuser: Soziale Medien und die Oppositionsbewegung in Ägypten zwischen 2004 und 2011

Um unser Verständnis der Beziehung zwischen sozialen Medien und politischem Wandel während des Aufstandes in Ägypten Anfang 2011 zu vertiefen, müssen die Ereignisse auf dem Tahrir Platz in einen Kontext der Mediennutzung und der jüngeren Geschichte des Online-Aktivismus neu eingeordnet werden. Über viele Jahre hinweg zeichneten sich die erfolgreichsten sozialen Bewegungen in Ägypten, wie Kefaya, die Jugend des 6. April und Wir sind alle Khaled Said, dadurch aus, dass sie soziale Medien nutzten, um die Netzwerke entfremdeter Ägypter zu erweitern, Kontakte zwischen Aktivisten zu vermitteln, Ressourcen zu globalisieren und Oppositionsführer zu erreichen. Soziale Medien versorgten die Oppositionsführer mit den Mitteln, ihre Repertoires der Auseinandersetzungen auszugestalten, das Thema zu framen, verbindende Symbole zu propagieren und Online-Aktivismus in Offline-Proteste zu überführen.

Schlüsselbegriffe: Ägypten, Aktivismus, soziale Bewegung, soziale Medien, Facebook, Twitter, Blogging, Arabischer Frühling

Los Clics, los Taxis y las Casas de Café: Los Medios Sociales y los Movimientos de Oposición en Egipto, 2004-2011

Merlyna Lim

Arizona State University

Resumen

Para profundizar nuestro entendimiento de la relación entre los medios sociales y el cambio político durante la revuelta Egipcia de comienzos del 2011, los eventos en la plaza de Tahrir deben ser situados en el contexto general del uso de los medios y la historia reciente del activismo online. Por varios años, los movimientos sociales exitosos en Egipto, incluyendo Kefaya, la Juventud del 6 de Abril, y Somos Todos Khaled Said, fueron los que usaron los medios sociales para expandir las redes de descontento de los Egipcios, agentes de las relaciones entre los activistas, y globalizar los recursos y el alcance de los líderes de la oposición. Los medios sociales solventaron a estos líderes de la oposición los recursos para dar forma a los repertorios de contención, los encuadres de los asuntos, la propagación de símbolos unificadores, y la transformación del activismo online hacia las protestas offline.

Palabras claves: Egipto, activismo, movimientos sociales, medios sociales, Facebook, Twitter, blogging, Primavera Árabe

14 Comments »

  • kunto said:

    Prof, mohon dibagi ke kuntoadi@unpad.ac.id
    terimakasih

    [Reply]

    mlim Reply:

    segera dikirim, mas Kunto.

    [Reply]

  • Ylenia said:

    Hi Merlyna,
    I am a Master student and I’m writing an essay on the politics of blogging in Egypt and Tunisia. Your paper sounds like it could be really helpful. Could you e-mail it to me? Thank you so much! ylenia.gostoli@gmail.com

    [Reply]

    mlim Reply:

    hi Ylenia. thanks for the interest, i’ll get the article sent to your email soon.

    [Reply]

  • bintang said:

    Bu Mer,
    Saya tertarik sekali dgn paper Bu Mer. Boleh ikutan baca?
    Trims.

    [Reply]

    mlim Reply:

    Pak/Mas, boleh banget. Saya kirim ya ke emailnya.

    [Reply]

  • rini nasution said:

    hi mbak Mer,

    Apa kabarnya? Moga tetap semangat terus, Aku mau dong baca hasil risetnya, tolong dikirim ke email ku ya mbak.
    Makasih banyak sebelumnya

    Tabik
    Rini Nasution

    [Reply]

    mlim Reply:

    mbak Rini,
    aku kabar baik. semoga mbak Rini baik2 juga. aku email ya file-nya. thanks for dropping by.
    m

    [Reply]

  • riki rusdiansyah said:

    prof.if you dont mind please share to my email,please please :)
    @rikirusdiansyah@yahoo.co.id ,thanks before

    [Reply]

    mer Reply:

    ok, sent :)

    [Reply]

  • wija said:

    Dear Mbak Mer,

    Saya dosen fisip undip, Semarang, saat ini tengah mengajar new media and social movement. Paper ini sangat menarik dan sangat relevan dengan kuliah tersebut. Would be really grateful if you would kindly email me this paper to stimulate the discussion in my class.

    Trms so much.:)

    Wija

    [Reply]

  • surdatwiyati said:

    Ibu Mer, saya sangat tertarik dengan tulisan-tulisannya. mohon saya dikirimkan ke email saya surdat@yahoo.com. terima kasih banyak sebelumnya.

    [Reply]

  • Tracy Sherlockk said:

    Hi – I am a masters student and I don’t have access to this journal. Could you email me this article? Thank you very much in advance.

    [Reply]

  • Tujuan Hidup? | Ignatius Sapto Condro Atmawan Bisawarna-warni Wordpress said:

    [...] musim semi Arab bisa lihat wiki atau guardian.Atau bisa baca tulisan Mbak Merlyna Lim tentang sosial media dan gerakan oposisi di Mesir tahun 2004 hingga 2011, juga [...]

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